Kodaikanal Solar Observatory The Solar Observatory is a solar observatory owned and operated by Indian Institute of Astrophysics. It is located on the southern tip of the Palni Hills 4 km from Kodaikanal town, Dindigul district, Tamil Nadu state, South India.
The Evershed effect was first detected at this observatory in January 1909. Solar data collected by the lab is the oldest continuous series of its kind in India. Precise observations of the equatorial electrojet are made here due to the unique geographic location of Kodaikanal.
Ionospheric soundings, geomagnetic, F region vertical drift and surface observations are made here regularly and summaries of the data obtained are sent to national IMD and global WMO GAW data centers.
They have a full-time staff of two scientists and nineteen technicians.
As early as 1881, Mr. Blanford, then Meteorological Reporter to the government of India, recommended the improvement of the work of solar observations in order to obtain accurate measures of the sunâ€™s heating power at the earths surface and its periodic variations.In May 1882, the Government astronomer at Madras, Norman Robert Pogson, proposed the need for photography and spectrography of the sun and the stars using a twenty inch telescope, which could be located at a hill station in South India.
Berijam Lake Berijam Lake is a reservoir near Kodaikanal town in Dindigul district of Tamil Nadu, South India. It is at the old site of Fort Hamilton, in the upper Palani hills. The lake, created by a dam with sluice outlets, is part of a microâ€“watershed development project. Periyakulam town, 18.7 kilometres 11.6 mi to the SE, gets its public drinking water from the lake. The lakes water quality is excellent.
There was originally a swamp here known as the Berijam swamp. The previous existence here of a large lake, evidence of which was visible nearby, was first recorded in 1864 by Colonel Douglas Hamilton of the 21st Regiment of the Madras Native Infantry. No written record or even local legend regarding the existence of this ancient lake survives. However, judging from visible traces of its shoreline which still remained in 1906, it must have been nearly 5 mi 8.0 km long, up to 3,960 ft 1,210 m wide and up to 70 ft 21 m deep. It was apparently formed by the side of a hill slipping down into a valley which slopes northwards, and damming up the stream which ran to the Amaravati River at the bottom of it. This stream apparently eventually cut its way through the huge natural embankment so formed, and thus emptied the lake this landslide or dam had once created. The dam was about 600 ft 180 m long and the breach in it was about 300 ft (91 m)across and 90 ft 27 m deep.
100 per one
Bear Shola Falls Bear Shola Falls, 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) from the bus-stand, is a tall waterfall in a Reserve forest. The final approach to this quiet area is a gently climbing foot-path.The waterfall will be dry during summer season. the falls is bumpy and hilly and offers best views just after monsoon during the months of September & October. Falls height is 40 feet so water drops in small pool. The person interested in swimming can swim here.
No Entry Fee
Kurinji Andavar Murugan Temple Kurinji Andavar Murugan temple, 4 kilometres 2.5 mi from the bus-stand, is famous for its Kurinji flower which blossoms in the area only once every 12 years. The deity here is called Sri Kurinji Easwaran, who is in fact Lord Murugan. This temple was built in 1936 by a European lady, who on coming to Ceylon, converted to Hinduism.She changed her name to Leelavathi and married Mr.Ponnambalam Ramanathan. She is also known as Lady Ramanathan. This temple was handed over to Arulmighu Dhandayuthapani Swamy Thiru Kovil, Palani by Mrs Devi Prasad Bhaskaran also known as Padmini, niece and adopted daughter of Mr S Natesan Pillai, son in-law of Lady Ramanathan and her husband Dr R. Bhaskaran.
Kodaikanal is the best place for spending the most romantic days in your life. The misty,chilled atmosphere makes your mind more romantic
Echo friendly atmosphere and Business class facilities makes Kodaikanal a corporate destination.
The Greenish atmosphere and the wonderful beauty of the nature make Kodaikanal the perfect place to get together with your family...
There's no better way to wind up the campus life with sing a song session and party games around a Campfire in Kodaikanal