Berijam Lake Berijam Lake is a reservoir near Kodaikanal town in Dindigul district of Tamil Nadu, South India. It is at the old site of Fort Hamilton, in the upper Palani hills. The lake, created by a dam with sluice outlets, is part of a microâ€“watershed development project. Periyakulam town, 18.7 kilometres 11.6 mi to the SE, gets its public drinking water from the lake. The lakes water quality is excellent.
There was originally a swamp here known as the Berijam swamp. The previous existence here of a large lake, evidence of which was visible nearby, was first recorded in 1864 by Colonel Douglas Hamilton of the 21st Regiment of the Madras Native Infantry. No written record or even local legend regarding the existence of this ancient lake survives. However, judging from visible traces of its shoreline which still remained in 1906, it must have been nearly 5 mi 8.0 km long, up to 3,960 ft 1,210 m wide and up to 70 ft 21 m deep. It was apparently formed by the side of a hill slipping down into a valley which slopes northwards, and damming up the stream which ran to the Amaravati River at the bottom of it. This stream apparently eventually cut its way through the huge natural embankment so formed, and thus emptied the lake this landslide or dam had once created. The dam was about 600 ft 180 m long and the breach in it was about 300 ft (91 m)across and 90 ft 27 m deep.
100 per one
Kookal Cave Kookal is a Panchayat village of terrace farmers at the far western end of the Palani Hills in block of Dindigul district, Tamil Nadu state, South India. Elevation is 1,890 metres 6,200 ft. Kookal is notable for the high biodiversity of the area.Many of these wilderness areas and various wildlife may be seen while trekking in the area of Kookal. It is not safe to trek in the area without a local guide.
â€¢ The Kookal cave are ancient rock shelters that show traces of and are believed to be home to the descendants of the original Palaiyar meaning old ones tribes who used to wear leaf clothing. The caves are overhanging slabs of different types of metamorphic rocks called charconite and granulite. Till the mid-1980s, over 30 families resided on the hill top, where a small temple is located.
To reach Kookal Caves, travel by bus from Kodaikanal to Poombarai and begin walking northwest. After walking through geranium plantations, and pine and wattle forest, the Kookal Forest Rest house can he reached. From there is a 8 kilometres 5.0 mi trail to the Kookal natural rock cave formations on a hill top. This stretch is leech-infested and best avoided during the monsoon.
Tourists are required to get permission from the Forest Department to visit Kookal or trek in the forest areas. Please contact: Government of Tamil Nadu, Tourist Office, Annasalai, Kodaikanal, 624 101, Tamil Nadu, India. PH; 04542- 241675. A trekking map is available from them. Bison Wells Lodge has a panoramic view of the eastern slopes of Kookal ridge.
Dolmen Circle Dolmen Circle is one of the major attractions of the Kodaikanal. It is one of the leading anthropological place,A dolmen, also known as a cromlech, portal tomb, portal grave or quoit, is a type of single-chamber megalithic tomb, usually consisting of two or more upright stones supporting a large flat horizontal capstone table, although there are also more complex variants. Most date from the early Neolithic period 4000 to 3000 BCE. Dolmens were typically covered with earth or smaller stones to form a barrow. In many instances, that covering has weathered away, leaving only the stone skeleton of the burial mound intact.
Bryant Park Bryant Park just east of the lake and 500 metres (1,600 ft) from the bus stand, is a wonderfully maintained 20.5 acres (8.3 ha) botanical garden. The park was planned and built in 1908 by a forest officer from Madurai, H.D.Bryant, and named after him. With 325 species of trees, shrubs and cacti, the park is a rainbow of stunning flowers during the peak season. A large section is dedicated to nearly 740 varieties of roses. There is an 1857 Eucalyptus tree and a Bodhi tree which adds a religious significance to the park. Ornamental plants are cultivated in a nursery for sale. The park organizes horticultural exhibits and flower shows every summer, to coincide with the peak season. The entrance fee to the park is nominal, and it is open all year.
5 per person
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